Soul Jazz Retrospective (3 hours of music) #jazzday

Welcome to our three hour program spotlighting the Soul Jazz genre for International Jazz Day 2017.

For those of you who wish to obtain a copy of our Soul Jazz poster, it is available as a free download at this link. Please share and enjoy it and this program.

I only hope that one day, America will recognize what the rest of the world already has known, that our indigenous music - gospel, blues, jazz and R&B - is the heart and soul of all popular music; and that we cannot afford to let this legacy slip into obscurity, I'm telling you." – Quincy Jones

First Hour 
Download this part of the program by clicking this link: souljazz1

What exactly is Soul Jazz? Technically speaking, it is an sub-genre of Jazz music, that incorporates strong influences from Rhythm and Blues, Soul Music, Gospel and eventually even Funk and Psychedelia. Many consider it one of the extensions of Jump Blues, much like Rock and Roll is. More often than not, songs tend to be shorter than many other traditional Jazz pieces and the performing combos tend to be smaller. Many of the songs in the genre focus around the organ or the saxophone, and tend to have repeating riffs, not unlike many Pop or Rock songs.

But this only tells some of the story. All of the styles we have mentioned here all derive from one single source from over 100 years ago: The Blues. Some of the artists featured here resisted the Soul Jazz label, calling themselves Jazz artists or Jazz Fusion artists. One artist we will feature actually wrote and performed what many consider to be one of the quintessential early Rock and Roll instrumentals. Soul Jazz could have developed no where else than but the country that spawned it, the United States, and only in the 1950’s. Within less than a decade, it spread and merged with other styles around the world, most notably with Caribbean, Latin and African musical styles.

(Title, Artist, Year of Release, Album Source)
First Part

1. One Mint Julep, Ray Charles, 1961, Genius+Soul=Jazz
2. The Broilers, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, 1959, Cookbook, Vol. 2
3. Loving You Was Like A Party, Marlena Shaw, 1974, Who Is This Bitch, Anyway
4. The Sidewinder, Lee Morgan, 1963, The Sidewinder
5. Duffin Around, “Brother” Jack McDuff and David “Fathead” Newman, 1968, Double Barreled Soul

Second Part
6. Cantaloupe Island, Herbie Hancock, 1964, Empyrean Isles
7. Blues 3+1, Jimmy Smith, 1972, Bluesmith
8. Blues Walk, Lou Donaldson, 1958, Blues Walk
9. Some Skunk Funk, The Brecker Brothers, 1975, The Brecker Bros.

Finale
10. Mercy, Mercy, Mercy (live), Cannonball Adderley, 1966, Mercy, Mercy, Mercy!


Second Hour
Download this part of the program by clicking this link: souljazz2
The one thing that holds all of the tracks together are a blending of the two worlds, Soul and Jazz, regardless of what label they had then or will carry forward. Sadly, around the 1950’s, an atmosphere of elitism and snobbery infiltrated itself into Jazz culture. Even Miles Davis, arguably the greatest superstar Jazz ever created, was wary of those who would put down on other forms of Jazz as not being “hip” or “cool”. In his own words about Jazz elitism: “Those people who say there’s no music but bop are just stupid; it shows how much they don’t know.” The elitism is a reflection, sadly, not primarily of musicians, but of a small section of die hard music fans, who think that something that have discovered is so pure and beautiful that anyone else finding out about from someone other than a “true believer” is sacrilege, and Soul Jazz would definitely not be something of value you heard on a Top 40 radio program, for example.

If Soul Jazz did one thing well, it was to bring the music back to the streets, away from intellectuals, elitists and snobs, to the very neighborhoods it originally arose from. Many of these tracks were ones you could dance to, not unlike Jazz music in the decades prior.

(Title, Artist, Year of Release, Album Source)
First Part
1. Grazing In The Grass, Hugh Masekela, 1968, The Promise of a Future
2. Listen Here, Eddie Harris, 1967, The Electrifying Eddie Harris
3. Help Somebody, Earth, Wind & Fire, 1971, Earth, Wind & Fire
4. Soulful Strut, Young-Holt Unlimited, 1968, Seven Days of Night
5. I Haven't Got Anything Better To Do, Stanley Turrentine, 1971, Salt Song
6. Song For My Father, The Horace Silver Quartet, 1965, Song For My Father

Second Part
7. Breezin’, George Benson, 1976, Breezin'
8. Cleo's Mood (original mono single mix), Junior Walker & The All Stars, 1965, Shotgun 
9. (They Call It) Stormy Monday, Lou Rawls with Les McCann Ltd., 1962, Stormy Monday
10. Messie Bessie, Shirley Scott, 1970, Something

Finale
11. Sookie Sookie (live full length album version), Grant Green, 1970, Alive! 

Third Hour
Download this part of the program by clicking this link: souljazz3

As Soul Jazz progressed, as all major music movements do, it splintered. Some of it became Jazz Fusion. Some of it became Lite or Smooth Jazz. Some of it became modern Soul and R&B. Some of it became Jazz Funk. And some of it became immensely popular, resulting in a kind of backlash with cries of “sellout” from those in the Jazz community who weren’t selling as many records as their contemporaries who decided to adapt to the changes in the genre. Everything that Jazz had offered and promised was finally now front and center, with some of these artists winning major mainstream awards or becoming some of the biggest R&B and Pop acts of the 1970’s. Nature abhors a vacuum, but unfortunately, some wish to live in their bubble, not realizing that the rest of the music loving public could actually enjoy something just for the sheer pleasure of it, regardless of label.

Looking back now, some almost four to six decades later, it is our wish that you see the common thread of all of these recordings: that, at their core, the literal and figurative Soul of them is what glows brightest.

(Title, Artist, Year of Release, Album Source)
First Part

1. Black Byrd, Donald Byrd, 1973, Black Byrd
2. Move Your Hand (Live), Lonnie Smith, 1969, Move Your Hand
3. Watermelon Man, Mongo Santamaria, 1963, Watermelon Man!
4. Funkier Than A Mosquito's Tweeter (live), Nina Simone, 1974, Is It Finished
5. Memphis Soul Stew, King Curtis, 1967, Memphis Soul Stew

Second Part
6. Mister Magic, Grover Washington, Jr., 1975, Mister Magic
7. Funky Nassau, Pt. 1, The Beginning Of The End, 1971, Funky Nassau
8. The "In" Crowd (single edit), The Ramsey Lewis Trio, 1965, The "In" Crowd 
9. Push Push, Herbie Mann, 1971, Push Push

Finale
10. Honkey Tonk, Part 2, Bill Doggett, 1956, Everybody Dance the Honky Tonk

Love to you all.

Ben "Bear" Brown Jr., owner
www.aceofspadespdx.com

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